Kalawawa National Park is a beautiful and unique national park in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka. This park is spread over 4,030 hectares and is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. The park has named after the Kalawawa Reservoir, which is one of the park’s main attractions. The park is about 170 km from Colombo and easily accessible by road.
The park is well known for its elephant population, and visitors can see these majestic animals in their natural habitat. The park is also home to various animals, including leopards, sloth bears, sambar deer, spotted deer, wild boar, and water buffalo. The park is also a vital birdwatching site, with over 100 species of birds, including the Indian roller, pied kingfisher, and black-headed ibis.
The Kalawawa National Park is ideal for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts. Visitors can take a jeep safari to explore the park and see the wildlife. The park is open throughout the year, but the best time to visit is between January and March, when the water levels in the reservoir are low, and the animals come out to drink water. The park is closed during the monsoon season, from October to December.
One of the main attractions of the park is the Kalawawa Reservoir. The reservoir is an artificial lake built by King Dhatusena in the 5th century AD. It used to irrigate the surrounding paddy fields and was an important water source for the ancient city of Anuradhapura. Today, the reservoir is a popular spot for fishing, and visitors can see local fishermen using traditional fishing methods.
Apart from wildlife, the park is also home to various plants and trees, including the palu tree, satinwood tree, and ebony tree. The park has diverse habitats, including dry evergreen forests, wetlands, and grasslands. Visitors can take a nature walk to explore the park and see the different habitats.
The Kalawawa National Park is an important conservation area, and efforts are being made to protect the wildlife and their habitats. The Department of Wildlife Conservation manages the park, and visitors are advised to follow the rules and regulations set by the department to ensure the safety of the animals and the environment.
The Kalawawa National Park is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in wildlife and nature. With its diverse range of habitats and abundant wildlife, the park offers a unique experience for visitors. In addition, the park is easily accessible and ideal for a day trip or a weekend getaway. So pack your bags, grab your camera, and head to Kalawawa National Park for an unforgettable experience.